What is Temperature?
By: Alex E. Year: 2011

Temperature

1thermometer.jpg
This is a thermometer it measures temperature
The meaning of temperature is a degree of hotness or coldness of an object or animal body. The way you measure temperature is by units and degrees. The degree in a human body or a living organism is 36-38C and 97-99F. An abnormally high condition of body heat caused fever or illness. Every day temperature is measured by a thermometer the thermometers which may be calibrated to a variety of temperature scales. In America we use Fahrenheit more often; the rest of the world uses the Celsius
AlexE9833_Temperature.jpg
These are thermometers measuring temperature
or centigrade.

AlexE9833_temperature_2.0.jpg
These are moleculse of heat and water
Heat

Heat is a measure of how energy is transferred from one system or body to another. Heat is everywhere even ice. There is only one place that is called absolute zero it is nothing moves, not even atoms.

Temperature is the measure of the kinetic energy of a substance’s molecules. The way to know what the temperature in Celsius to Fahrenheit is: Cox1.8+32=Fo, and Fahrenheit to Celsius is (Fo-32) x5/9=Co.

Many hot things take up more room, when molecules of any kind of atoms get more energy in them than they had before, they move faster, the energy can come from sunshine, or volcanoes or from friction, or many other sources.



Solid and liquid water form

frozenwaterfal.jpg
This is a frozen waterfall
When water gets colder than 32Fo or 0Co it freezes into ice, as the water gets colder, the molecules of water lose their energy and move more slowly.

When water freezes into ice it takes up 9% more room than it did when it was water.

Things are hot if their molecules are moving quickly and cold when they are still or moving slowly. Temperature is a way of measuring how fast the molecules are moving.



Glossary

Molecules: the smallest portion of a substance having the properties of the substance.

Kinetic energy:the energy of a body or a system with respect to the motion of the body.

Atoms:the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element.

Friction:the rubbing of the surface of one body against that of another.





Citations

Measure for Measure: Temperature. Prod. Discovery Education. Discovery Education, 2001. Discovery Education. Web. 25 September 2011. <http://www.discoveryeducation.com/>.



Basics of Physics: Exploring Heat. Prod. Colgren Communications. Colgren Communications, 2004. Discovery Education. Web. 27 September 2011. <http://www.discoveryeducation.com/>.



Time life books/Time life. ‘Heat, Temperature and Atoms.” What is Temperature? Understanding Science and nature. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life, 1992. Print