Michael Faraday



Section 1: Early Life
Michael Faraday was born on September 22, 1791 at Newington, surrey, near London. He was one of four children and often didn’t have enough to eat. As a child he had very little formal education. He would want to play on the streets with marbles rather than going to school. In 1804, Michael Faraday apprenticed as a bookbinder. There, he was interested in the books that he bound, and he began reading and learning about science, such as electricity, magnetism, and many other things. When his apprenticeship ended, he started going to the Royal Institution to listen to Humphry Davy lecture about science. Michael Faraday was so interested that he sent a letter to Humphry Davy asking him if he could his laboratory assistant. He even sent a copy of his notes to Davy, showing his enthusiasm. Davy, seeing that Michael Faraday was very interested, appointed him as laboratory assistant in 1812. When his apprenticeship with Davy ended, in 1813, he established the existence of the electromagnetic rotation. In that same year, he married Sarah Barnard.
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Where Michael Faraday was Born

Section 2: Later Life

After many years of work, Michael Faraday decided to go back to the Royal Institution. In 1825, he was appointed director of the Royal Institution laboratory. He began children’s Christmas lectures at the Royal Institution in 1827. In 1831, he demonstrated electromagnetic induction. He established the two laws of electrolysis in 1833 and on August 25, 1867, Michael Faraday died at Hampton Court, Surrey.

Section 3: His Discoveries and Inventions

Michael Faraday was a chemist. He built two devices to produce what he called electromagnetic rotation: that is a continuous circular motion from the circular magnetic force around a wire. Tenyears later, in 1831, he began his great series of experiments in which he discovered electromagnetic induction. These experiments form the basis of modern electromagnetic technology. His laws helped many other scientists after him learn about electricity.
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The Discovery of Michael Faraday

Section 4: Fun Facts

  • Michael Faraday’s father was a poverty-stricken blacksmith who worked in the village of Newington in Surrey, England and the family hardly ever had enough to eat.
  • In 1821, he proved that magnetism that was created by an electric current could set a magnet in motion. This invention was a simplified version of the electric motors that are used today.
  • His interest wasn’t limited to electromagnetism and physics. The Bunsen burner was invented by Faraday. Terms such as cathode, ion, anode and electrode were coined by him.
  • Faraday refused to accept a knighthood and declined becoming the President of the Royal Society. He turned down the British Governments request to assist them with the manufacture of chemical weapons that they intended to use in war.

Section 5: Resources