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Marie Sklodowska Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 7, 1867.
When she was 24, she moved to Paris with her older sister, Bronya.
Marie attended the Sorbonne in Paris to learn science and mathematics. She intended to return to Poland to teach.
In 1894 Marie met Pierre Curie at the home of a friend. He was already a distinguished scientist, and they began a partnership.
On July 26, 1895, Marie married Pierre and became Marie Curie.
Marie worked with Pierre in the School of Physics and Chemistry in Paris.
Her next goal was to work on a doctorate and become the first woman in Europe to complete one.
Henri Becquerel had discovered that uranium gave off powerful rays, invisible to the eye.
Pierre and his brother had invented an electrometer, which measured electrical currents in the air.
Marie decided to use an electrometer to test as many samples of metal and minerals as she could obtain.
She discovered that the only variable that affected the strength of the rays was the amount of uranium.
However, when she tested pitchblende for the rays, it gave off stronger rays than uranium.
Marie had discovered the elements radium and polonium.
She and Pierre were awarded the Nobel Prize for discovering radioactivity.
Pierre Curie suddenly died in 1906, and Marie took his place as professor of the Sorbonne.
In 1910, Marie was denied entry to the Academy of Science.
During World War I, Marie Curie obtained X-ray machines and vans. She then installed the X-ray machines in the vans, and drove them to the front lines. She made 20 of them, which were called Petite Curies.
When Marie visited America in 1921, people were shocked that she only had one gram of radium, less than American scientists had.
President Harding gave her another gram of radium.
Marie Curie died in July 4, 1934 of leukemia caused by radioactive poisoning.
Certain elements give off invisible rays, similar to X-rays.
Those elements are called radioactive.
Radioactivity can cure cancer because the rays alter chemicals inside cells.
Workers who deal with radioactive materials are protected by layers of lead or concrete.
Marie and Pierre Curie had no such protection, and both had damage to their bodies from handling radium.
Birch, Beverly. Marie Curie: Courageous Pioneer in the Study of Radioactivity. Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch Press, 2000. Print.
Invention: Elements and Compounds
Discovery Education, 2000 . Full Video.Discovery Education. Web. 6 September 2013.
"Marie Curie." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 6 Sep. 2013. <
Yannuzzi, Della. New Elements : The Story of Marie Curie. Greensboro: Morgan Reynolds Publishing. Pri
A diagram of the electrons in the element radium
Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland
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