Marie CurieBy sydneyn551
SHN - Marie Curie.jpg


Early Life
  • Marie Sklodowska Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 7, 1867.
  • When she was 24, she moved to Paris with her older sister, Bronya.
  • Marie attended the Sorbonne in Paris to learn science and mathematics. She intended to return to Poland to teach.
  • In 1894 Marie met Pierre Curie at the home of a friend. He was already a distinguished scientist, and they began a partnership.
  • On July 26, 1895, Marie married Pierre and became Marie Curie.
Career
  • Marie worked with Pierre in the School of Physics and Chemistry in Paris.
  • Her next goal was to work on a doctorate and become the first woman in Europe to complete one.
  • Henri Becquerel had discovered that uranium gave off powerful rays, invisible to the eye.
  • Pierre and his brother had invented an electrometer, which measured electrical currents in the air.
  • Marie decided to use an electrometer to test as many samples of metal and minerals as she could obtain.
  • She discovered that the only variable that affected the strength of the rays was the amount of uranium.
  • However, when she tested pitchblende for the rays, it gave off stronger rays than uranium.
  • Marie had discovered the elements radium and polonium.
  • She and Pierre were awarded the Nobel Prize for discovering radioactivity.
  • Pierre Curie suddenly died in 1906, and Marie took his place as professor of the Sorbonne.
  • In 1910, Marie was denied entry to the Academy of Science.
  • During World War I, Marie Curie obtained X-ray machines and vans. She then installed the X-ray machines in the vans, and drove them to the front lines. She made 20 of them, which were called Petite Curies.
  • When Marie visited America in 1921, people were shocked that she only had one gram of radium, less than American scientists had.
  • President Harding gave her another gram of radium.
  • Marie Curie died in July 4, 1934 of leukemia caused by radioactive poisoning.
Radioactivity
  • Certain elements give off invisible rays, similar to X-rays.
  • Those elements are called radioactive.
  • Radioactivity can cure cancer because the rays alter chemicals inside cells.
  • Workers who deal with radioactive materials are protected by layers of lead or concrete.
  • Marie and Pierre Curie had no such protection, and both had damage to their bodies from handling radium.
Bibliography
  • Birch, Beverly. Marie Curie: Courageous Pioneer in the Study of Radioactivity. Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch Press, 2000. Print.
  • Invention: Elements and Compounds Discovery Education, 2000 . Full Video.Discovery Education. Web. 6 September 2013. __http://www.discoveryeducation.com/__.
  • "Marie Curie." Britannica School. Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 6 Sep. 2013. < __http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/28252__>.
  • Yannuzzi, Della. New Elements : The Story of Marie Curie. Greensboro: Morgan Reynolds Publishing. Pri
    SHN - Radium.jpg
    A diagram of the electrons in the element radium
    SHN - Warsaw Poland.jpg
    Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland