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Linus Carl Pauling
Linus Pauling shonb897
rl Pauling was born on February 28, 1901 in Portland, Oregon. His parents were Lucy Isabelle Da
rling and Herman Henry William Pauling. He went to Washington high school, California Institute
echnology, and Oregon University. He did this before becoming a professor in chemistry at Caltech University in the mid-1930s. After being a professor he became a scienti
st (chemist). He d
iscovered that DNA was a triple helix than a double helix (helix is the fettuccini looking part in a DNA).
Over Linus Pauling’s life, he won many awards. He won Nobel Prize in Chemistry
, Nobel Peace Prize, Guggenheim Fellowship (Guggenheim Fellowsh
ds that have been awarded since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation “to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in thearts”), Lenin Peace Prize, NAS Award in Chemical Sciences, Lomonosov Gold Medal (a Russian award named after a Russian scientist named Mikhail Lomonosov. Two medals a
re awarded annually, one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist) , Roebling Medal, National Medal of Science for Physical Science.
He developed a theory called electronegativity, a theory in which electron pairs formed a stabler and less energetic system. He worked for Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists and begins his first of his fifteen years of anti-bomb activism. He signed a petition to stop nuclear bomb testing. Because of his anti-bomb activism job, Pauling was labeled a communist. In 1958, while the Vietnam War was going on, Linus Pauling published his book against the US army and government called
No More War!
On August 19, 1994, Linus Pauling past away in Bug Sur, California with Prostate Cancer.
Science: 100 Essential Scientists
New York: Enchanted Lion Books, 2005. Print.
Linus Pauling: Chemistry of Life
New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
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