Linus Pauling shonb897

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Linus Carl Pauling was born on February 28, 1901 in Portland, Oregon. His parents were Lucy Isabelle Darling and Herman Henry William Pauling. He went to Washington high school, California Institute of Technology, and Oregon University. He did this before becoming a professor in chemistry at Caltech University in the mid-1930s. After being a professor he became a scientist (chemist). He discovered that DNA was a triple helix than a double helix (helix is the fettuccini looking part in a DNA).
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Over Linus Pauling’s life, he won many awards. He won Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Peace Prize, Guggenheim Fellowship (Guggenheim Fellowships awards that have been awarded since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation “to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in thearts”), Lenin Peace Prize, NAS Award in Chemical Sciences, Lomonosov Gold Medal (a Russian award named after a Russian scientist named Mikhail Lomonosov. Two medals aSSB Linus Pauling teacher.jpgre awarded annually, one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist) , Roebling Medal, National Medal of Science for Physical Science.

He developed a theory called electronegativity, a theory in which electron pairs formed a stabler and less energetic system. He worked for Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists and begins his first of his fifteen years of anti-bomb activism. He signed a petition to stop nuclear bomb testing. Because of his anti-bomb activism job, Pauling was labeled a communist. In 1958, while the Vietnam War was going on, Linus Pauling published his book against the US army and government called No More War! On August 19, 1994, Linus Pauling past away in Bug Sur, California with Prostate Cancer.



Citations:

Balchin, Jon Science: 100 Essential Scientists New York: Enchanted Lion Books, 2005. Print.
Hager, Tom Linus Pauling: Chemistry of Life New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guggenheim_Fellowship
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lomonosov_Gold_Medal
http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Pauling.html
http://www25.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/linuspauling.html
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ni-Pe/Pauling-Linus.html#ixzz2eWnjwtMS