HYPATIABenL802
Quotes
  • "In the starry expanse that has no dwellings: forces of the universe, interior virtues, harmonious union of earth and heaven that delights the mind and the ear and the eye, that offers an attainable ideal to all wise men and a visible splendor to the beauty of the soul."
    Hypatia


Early Lifehypatia.jpg
  • Hypatia was born in 370 A.D (There is some disagreement about whether she was born in 355 A.D. or 370 A.D. but the majority of people say it was in 370 A.D.) and died in 415 A.D.
  • She was born in Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Her father, Theon of Alexandria, vowed to raise her to be a perfect human which was strange because women were not as respected as men were at the time.
  • Theon was an important teacher at the Alexandrian Museum.
  • Theon taught Hypatia all of his knowledge at a very early age and had a vigorous exercise routine with her because he believed that you had to be strong mentally and physically.
  • Hypatia was sent off toAthens, Greece, where she studied math under Plutarch the Younger.
  • It was in Greece that Hypatia became a famous mathematician.

Career
  • Hypatia wrote many commentaries on books such as Ptolemy’s Almagest.
  • In 400 A.D, Hypatia was reported head of the Neoplatonic School in Alexandria.
  • At the school she taught geometry, philosophy and astronomy.
  • She was known as ‘the philosopher’.
  • She was a philosopher of Plato and Aristotle as well as Diophantus .
  • She based her teachings on Plotinus, the founder of Neoplatonism and Iamblichus.
  • Hypatia was recognized for commentaries on Apollonius of Perga’sConics and Diophantus of Alexandria’s Arithmetic.
  • Hypatia had very popular public lectures.

Synesius
  • Synesius was born in 373 A.D and died in 414 A.D.
  • He was a descendant of the Spartans.
  • Synesius of Cyrene was Hypatia’s pupil.
  • Little of Hypatia’s work survived but they have an idea of who she was from her pupil, Synesius of Cyrene’s, letters who later became bishop of Ptolemy.
  • As Hypatia grew older, Synesius’ letters to his beloved teacher became regularly unanswered.
  • One letter to Synesius from Hypatia included directions for how to design an Astrolabe, even though there is little chance that Hypatia actually invented it.
  • An Astrolabe is a device that allows users to see the position of the stars and the sun in the sky.Bl drawing of Hypatia.jpg




Death
  • Hypatia was murdered on a March night in 415 A.D at around age 45.
  • Her friend was Orestes, the prefect of Egypt. Cyril, the patriarch of Egypt didn’t like Hypatia influencing Orestes.
  • Hypatia was a strong political figure and was very popular with the people of Alexandria so it was hard to make Hypatia stop.
  • Because of this challenge, Cyril tried a new tactic and accused Hypatia of witchcraft.
  • This tactic worked a little better but it still didn’t make a big change.
  • John of Nikui said, "She beguiled many people through satanic wiles."
  • Cyril decided to ambush her and hire a militia force called the Parabolani.
  • They took her out of her carriage and killed her and then burned her on the steps of a church called The Caesarium.

Fun Facts
  • Hypatia may have had a brother, Epiphanius.
  • Hypatia is regarded as the only female scientist in the ancient world.
  • Alexandria, Egypt, is the second largest city in Egypt.
  • The Library of Alexandria was the largest library in the ancient world.
  • Alexandria is known as The Pearl of the Mediterranean.

bl hypatia slide.jpg

Citations

  • 02-Eratosthenes, Map of Egypt. N.d. Photograph. TerraMetrics, n.p.
  • Dixon, Don. "Who Was Hypatia of Alexandria?" Who Was Hypatia of Alexandria?Cosmographica, 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2013
  • Hypatia-02. N.d. Photograph. N.p.
  • "Hypatia." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 9 Sep. 2013. < http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/41785>.
  • "Hypatia." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 9 Sep. 2013. < http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/326958
  • Hypatia. N.d. Photograph. N.p
  • Lendering, Jona. "Synesius of Cyrene." Synesius of Cyrene. Livius, 25 Feb. 2011. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
  • O'Connor, J J, and E F Robertson. "Hypatia of Alexandria." Hypatia Biography. School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland, Apr. 1999. Web. 10 Sept. 2013.
  • Staeger, Rob. Ancient Mathematicians. Greensboro, NC: Morgan Reynolds Pub., 2009. Print.
  • "Synesius." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Nov. 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
  • The Grolier Library of Science Biographies. Vol. 5. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 1997. Print.
  • Van Londen, Pam. "Did Hypatia Invent the Astrolabe?" WS 320 Gender Technology. WS 320 Gender & Technology, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
  • Zielinsk, Sarah I. "Hypatia, Ancient Alexandria’s Great Female Scholar." Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian.com, 15 Mar. 2010. Web. 10 Sept. 2013.