George Washington Carver 1860-1943 By:MarykateE587

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Early Life/ Childhood

George Washington Carver was born in 1860 into slavery on a farm near Diamond Grove, Missouri. At an early age his father was accidently killed and his mother was taken away. He was raised and housed by the Carver family who were the plantation owners of the farm he was born on. Since there were no black schools around George had lots of free time to explore. Even though he did not get much schooling he was always very bright. Nature was something that he found provoking and he pondered about things like why do plants grow from seeds, why do they die. Later he attended Iowa state agricultural collage and graduated 1892. Initially it was hard for him to get in there though because of his ethnicity. Although he taught in Iowa until 1896 he then returned south to become a director at the Agricultural Research Laboratory at Tuskegee institution in Tuskegee, Alabama.

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Since George was born around the time of the Civil War most land around were he lived was plantation

The Job of an Agricultural Scientist

Agricultural Scientists are special scientists that study plants specifically, crops that are grown on farms. They study these plants and seek for ways to improve their quality and quantity. There are many types of agricultural scientist and all of them greatly impact our nation. Like chemists or scientists of other fields they conduct experiments or clinical trials to develop plant production. Also they work with controlling pests and weeds more affectively. Soil is also something they study to see how it effect the crops. It is a very important job because they have a role of maintaining average food supply. Before George Washington Carver saw the benefits of peanuts people thought they were thought to be weeds. George is famous for his various uses of the peanut. To experience what he studied and developed see the diagram of the peanut plant below.

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His Life Changing Moment

Farmers across the U.S. were complaining that they were not making any money because people thought that importing crops was cheaper than buying them from farms in the United States and they requested a bill. It was decided there would be a bill made saying that importing crops required a tax so that way it was more expensive to import and gave the United States farmers protection. They were holding the committee meeting to rule out which crops were going to be on the bill and more importantly which crops would be protected. In January of 1921 George Washington Carver approached the U.S. House of Representatives with determination and faith in his amazing scientific discovery. He stood in front of the Means Committee and in his own way expressed why the peanut plant had so much potential. He set out many product including butter, soap, breakfast cereal, face cream, dried coffee and so many other things. At first the men of the committee took this as a joke. A colored many defending peanuts? By the end of the meeting George had made some key points on how peanuts were promising and were very versatile. It was a great loss the day he died on January 5, 1983. Overall, George made over three hundred products out of peanuts and showed that depending on you prospective, if its open to new things, all things are achievable.

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Fun Facts about Peanut Butter

Takes over 500 peanuts to make a 12 ounce jar of peanut butter

Enough peanuts in one acre to make 30,000 peanut butter sandwiches

The average American consumes more than six pounds of peanut butter a year

Americans spend over 800 million a year on peanut butter

Most woman and children prefer creamy and men mostly prefer chunky

There are around ten peanut holidays


-Author unknown. “George Washington Carver.” Encyclopedia of World Biographies. Publisher unknown.

-Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition, Agricultural and on Food Scientists, the Internet at (visited September 20, 2013).

-Careers for the 21st Century: Scientific Occupations Oliver Henry, 1997 . Full Video. Discovery Education. Web. 20 September 2013. <>.

-Daintith, John and Gjertsen, Derek. Science Biographies. Grolier Educational 1997. Print.

-Hayden, Robert C. 7 African American Scientists. Fredrick, Md. Twenty-First Century Books 1992. Print.

-Jordan, Francis . “Fun Facts”. National Peanut Board. National Peanut Board, 23 Sep. 2013. Web. 23 Sep. 2013